Additional Information Abstract This article investigates the workings of sanitation technologies in late medieval English and Scandinavian cities through both written and archeological evidence. It defines the roles of city corporations and individuals in the areas of street maintenance and waste management between the years and It argues that although the urban environment was managed through seemingly simple technologies, such as latrines and guttered cobblestone streets, the technologies required a conjunction of city-provided services and individual behavior management to make them work as intended. The late medieval city governments under investigation therefore crafted social relations to create functional sanitation systems. Because responsibility for sanitation was allocated both to individuals and to the city government, the waste-handling and sanitation strategies of the late medieval city were possibly not as ineffective as they appear on the surface. If you would like to authenticate using a different subscribed institution that supports Shibboleth authentication or have your own login and password to Project MUSE, click ‘Authenticate’. You are not currently authenticated. View freely available titles:
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Owl PR Get Business updates directly to your inbox Subscribe Thank you for subscribingWe have more newsletters Show me See our privacy notice Could not subscribe, try again laterInvalid Email A major European retailer has set an opening date for what will be its first ever Derby store. Now the company, which sells a range of Scandinavian household goods such as mattresses, furniture and interior decor, has confirmed that its Derby store will open on Saturday, January 5.
The retailer has already launched a recruitment drive and is looking to take on a store manager, as well as retail supervisors and sales assistants. And people interested in a job with JYSK are being invited to have a sneak peak of the new Derby store tomorrow. Owl PR Job applicants are being asked to come to the store tomorrow, between 9am and 4pm.
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Some Danish cities resisted the new spelling of their names, notably Aalborg and Aabenraa. The renaming came into effect on 1 January Whichever spelling local authorities choose, most newspapers and public institutions will accept it. It is notable that the “Aa” spelling has been in use the longest. In the buildings and adjoining archaeological layers, everyday utensils like combs, jewellery and basic multi-purpose tools from approximately the year have been found.
The rampart was later reinforced by Harald Bluetooth , and together with the town’s geographical placement, this suggests that Aros was an important trade and military centre. There are strong indications of a former royal residence from the Viking Age in Viby , a few kilometres south of the Aarhus city centre. The growing influence of the Church during the Middle Ages gradually turned Aarhus, with its bishopric, into a prosperous religious centre.
The charter is the first official recognition of the town as a regional power and is by some considered Aarhus’ birth certificate. Parts of the ramparts are still in existence today and can be experienced as steep slopes at the riverside and they have also survived in some place names of the inner city, including the streets of Volden The Rampart and Graven The Moat.
In , octroi was imposed in larger Danish cities which changed the layout and face of Aarhus over the following decades. Wooden city walls were erected to prevent smuggling, with gates and toll booths on the major thoroughfares, Mejlgade and Studsgade. The city gates funnelled most traffic through a few streets where merchant quarters were built. Following the Napoleonic wars , Denmark lost Norway and was excluded from international trade for some years which caused a recession for Aarhus’ trade-based economy that lasted until the s.
Big European retailer JYSK announces opening date for new Derby store
Gyldendalske Boghandel Nordisk Forlag Udgivet: Typografi af Viggo Naae. Litografier af Erik Clemmensen.
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Ove Madsen Summary translation: Af skjortens saga, Mytte Fentz. Tindens Tand , nr. Parts of houses, well constructions and fences as well as other archaeological objects, all in a good state of preservation, proved that different artisans had been working and living here; also found was a big lump of textile material. Analyses at Viborg Amtskonserveringsanstalt of the material, the different fragments Fig.
Based on the interpretation a reconstruction was made Fig. It is presumed that the shirt had long sleeves. The likely utilization of the cloth length Fig. Most of our knowledge concerning Viking male costume derives from written documents, depictions and surviving textile fragments from archaeological excavations.
Men wore tunics reaching down to about the knees, long trousers and a cloak fastened with a buckle on the right shoulder. These tunics, the cut of which is Persian-inspired, can be followed throughout the Mediterranean countries in the latter half of the first millennium.
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Published online Feb Alt Find articles by Kurt W. Conceived and designed the experiments: Received Sep 11; Accepted Dec This article has been cited by other articles in PMC.
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February 6 Offbeat Editors offbeatbride The offbeat occupants: Darlyngirl Administrative Assistant , Ted husband , a generally-hyper two-year-old boy, and Kennedy the dog. Sarnia, Canada Tell us a bit about your neighborhood: It’s like a total time-warp — an entire block of s Arts and Crafts homes. Each house is unique and well-cared for — my neighbours bring us cookies and walk around caroling at Christmas time.
I live on a small street close to the downtown of a small city about 85, I can walk to bars, restaurants, an art gallery but no grocery store or mall. What makes your home offbeat? This home was the fresh start I was dreaming of. I purchased this home as a single-mom with a toddler. I could paint whatever colours I wanted, decorate how I wanted and keep the house in whatever child-safe state I wanted. Then at the housewarming party, three months later, I married my boyfriend in the archway between the living and dining rooms.
When it came to updating our home, we tried to keep true to the character of the year-old home, but wanted COLOUR, and function, and fun — lots of fun colours, interesting combinations of old and new.
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The alternative name for the Viking people, Norse or Norsemen ‘North men’ , clearly reflects their northern homelands. Viking raiders attacked wealthy targets on the north-western coasts of Europe from the late 8th until the mid th century CE. Pre-Christian traders and sea raiders, the Vikings first enter recorded history with their attack on the Christian monastic community on Lindisfarne Island in The Vikings initially employed their longships to invade and attack European coasts, harbours and river settlements on a seasonal basis.
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Scales have weighed everything from peanuts to penguins for centuries. This week-old penguin hopped on the scale at the London Zoo circa As the slightly skewed spring scale hanging around the produce aisle reminds us, the scale has long served humans as the chief arbiter of commerce, the sine qua non of shipping and the utility player of the pharmaceutical bench. From the smallest, most fine-tuned laboratory balance to the by foot 3-by meter pit-and-girder monsters that weigh train cars and tractor-trailers, scales make modern life possible.
Scales — or, more specifically, balances — weighed heavily on the minds of ancient builders, inventors and economic advisers. Small balance weights dating back to the early fourth millennium B.
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When the Scandinavian settlers colonized Iceland in the 9th c. AD, the island was found to contain no useful metal deposits save for bog iron, and the deforestation that followed the settlement resulted in a scarcity of wood. Only in the last decades have archaeological excavations begun to unravel how the first Icelanders dealt with this lack of resources.
Dartmouth Crossing update: electronics emporium Best Buy and Danish home- supply heaven JYSK (No, it’s not it is Ikea-ish!) have both officially opened their Dartmouth Crossing locations. Best Buy opened up this past weekend, and JYSK rolled out the red carpet at the beginning of November.
Go Forth and Destroy: What I am saying is: Let us all calm down for a second. Read on Life on the Inside: Reports have been bubbling up in the international press. No date has been given, but considering they say they have narrowed site selection down to two properties in Shanghai, it seems to be a or opening. We’ve got the numbers. This is for you new guys: They’re regularly rotating two- to three-week residencies, putting both peachfuzz conservatory students and grizzled veterans in weathered trilbies up on stage.